If you have a website, you must have read about website security and data security.
How much important it is?
Thinking about website security brings up multiple questions such as:
- What is an SSL certificate?
- How do you know whether your site is secure?
- What if your website is a personal blog?
- Your website is small, why do you need an SSL certificate?
- Do you need an SSL, if you don’t collect any data from visitors?
How can you check if your website is secure or not?
A website is only secure when the browser address bar has a green padlock. Right?
Alter way to check, if your website is secure is to look if the website URL uses HTTPS rather than HTTP.
In the address bar, you’ll see “HTTPS”—that “S” represents that we have a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate, meaning your connection is secure. Which shows that all communications between your browser and the website are encrypted.
A green padlock plus the name of the company or organization, also in green, means the website has an Extended Validation (EV) certificate which assures us that the website is under the control of the company it claims to be safe.
What do SSL and HTTPS stand for and what makes them secure?
SSL(Secure Sockets Layer) is a form of security for the websites that handle sensitive information such as visitor’s personal information, data related to such as credit card numbers and passwords. It builds a secure connection between the visitor’s web browser and the server of the company they are interacting with.
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) is the secure version of HTTP, a protocol over which data is sent between users browser and the website that you are being connected.
Using HTTPS, the computers agree on some “code” between them, and then they scramble the data using that “code” so that no one in between can read them and interfere. This keeps our information safe and secure from hackers.
How do you know if a site is secure or not?
Today secure websites are mostly preferred as compared to non-secured sites. Most of the browsers alert you, especially Chrome and Firefox browsers alert when someone is on a non-secure web page which may collect some form of personal information.
Also, just because the website lacks an SSL Certificate that doesn’t mean it is a bad website, but it should cause someone to pause before inputting any personal information.
What are the main benefits of a secure website?
- A secure connection between a browser and a server of the website they are visiting.
- Visitors trust more when the website is secured. HTTPS site with green padlock or company/organization name increases the credibility and the trust of the website and the company.
- It protects visitor personal information.
- Google ranks higher secured websites in search results compared to an unsecured website.
What are the different types of SSL certificates?
- Standard – Domain Validation(DV) for blogs and personal websites.
- Organization Validation(OV) for business and non-profits.
- Extended Validation (EV) for eCommerce websites.
A DV SSL certificate is the easiest and less expensive to maintain and is great for the personal blog and other websites. An OV SSL certificate is a type that we recommend to all businesses or organizations, as it provides higher protection and maintains security than a DV SSL. An EV SSL certificate is a top-tier, special type of website certificate which requires a significantly more rigorous identity verification process than other types of certificates, provides the highest level of assurance to website visitors.
How does anyone make their website secure with an SSL Certificate?
The first step is to make your site secure is to purchase and install an SSL certificate on their hosting server. After completing the verification process and installation of the SSL on the server, then need to update the website’s code to use HTTPS. That include updating all the pages to use HTTPS by default, generally by using the 301 redirect from HTTP to HTTPS.
Also, need to comb each page for any links to other pages on the website, and update those links to HTTPS. After that, its time to update the settings in any content management system(CMS), such as WordPress or Shopify. Then, need to review any add-ons, plugins, or other third-party services for compatibility issues and make ensure they all work properly.
Finally, need to update information in the Google Analytics profile to ensure all are properly tracking the website visitors.
Today, every site should have an SSL certificate. With people more concerned about security and privacy than ever before, one can’t afford to not have an SSL certificate.